stroke, causes, treatment and how to prevent it

Causes of Stroke

There are conditions that predispose one to stroke, They are:

  •  A genetic disorder that blocks blood flow to the brain.
  • Some medications e.g cocaine reduces blood flow and can narrow the arteries, some bet control pills that contain estrogen and anti-coagulant drugs.
  • Hypertension- this is a major cause of stroke.
  • Smoking- this raises the person’s chance of having a stroke as cigarette contains nicotine which raises blood pressure. Cigarette smoke makes blood thick and likely to cloth.
  • High Cholesterol level can form plaque which can blocks the brain artery thereby leading to stroke
  •  Obesity and overweight can put one at the risk of having a stroke as they contribute to hypertension and diabetes.
  •  Heart disease is a contributing factor as the heart is the only organ that pumps around the body so any disease condition that affects the hearts such as arterial fibrillation, defective heart valves can cause a stroke.
  • The family history of stroke put a person at risk of having it.

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Symptoms of stroke

  •  Paralysis of one or both sides of the body.
  • Bladder or bowel control problems.
  •  Confusion and difficulty with speech.
  •  Inability to co-ordinate oneself and dizziness.
  •  Vision problem with one or both eyes.
  • Severe headache with loss of consciousness.
  •  Inability to express emotion.



  •  Stroke is an emergency condition so the person should be taken to a specialist hospital for proper and adequate treatment without delay.



  •  Regular checking and maintaining of the blood pressure level
  •  Healthy diet.
  •  Adequate exercise.
  •  Proper management of diabetes.
  •  Not smoking tobacco.
  • Avoiding alcohol.


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