Sign and symptoms of H.B.P
- Occasional throbbing headache
- The heaviness of the head and body
- Shortness of breath
- Profuse sweating
- Sleep disorder or sleeping problem
- Angina pectoris (chest pain or pain in the heart)
- Nose bleeding
Regularly checking of blood pressure is important so that one can know when it’s not within normal range.
Causes of hypertension
The exact causes of hypertension are not known but there are some factors which put on at the risk of it. These factors are as follows
- Obesity-When one is too fat it gives the heart more work to do this can increase blood pressure.
- Smoking-It narrows the blood vessels and reduces oxygen in the blood this increases blood pressure and cause heart problems
- Excessive consumption of alcohol
- Excessive intakes of salt and cholesterol diet. Salt increases blood pressure and excess consumption of food high in cholesterol such as beef, eggs, can lead to blockage of the arteries which in turn leads to hypertension.
- Hereditary-If high blood pressure runs in a family anyone from such a family is at risk.
- Chronic kidney disease-when there is a problem with the kidney it becomes unable to filter the blood and other fluids in the body this can lead to hypertension.
- Sleep disorder- this can also lead to hypertension as sleep is very important to health as it helps the brain and other organs to relax after many activities.
- Mental stress- this affects blood pressure and can increase it.
Effects of Hypertension on the body
- Hypertension can lead to erectile dysfunction and some drugs used in treating can also cause it.
- Hypertension can also increase the risk of having diabetes.
- Hypertension in pregnancy can be a sign of pre-eclampsia which can lead to the death of the mother and the baby if not properly managed.
- Hypertension damages brain arteries.
- Hypertension can affect the eyes causing damage to the blood vessels in the retina known as hypertensive retinopathy.
- Hypertension can lead to stroke.